internal martial arts & Daoism
From chapter 33 of the Dao De Jing: “Knowing others is intelligent. Knowing yourself is enlightened. Conquering others takes force. Conquering yourself is true strength.” Transl. By S. Addiss & S. Lombardo.
Health versus Fitness
To distinguish between internal arts such as Taiji, Bagua and Xingyi from external practicies its important to distinguish between health and fitness. When you are healthy you can achieve a high level of fitness. If you overtrain, however, you will injure your health. Fitness is supported by health. External styles require fitness. But as we age or if we injure ourselves, our bodies are slower at...